Pedors Shoes and Toe Deformities
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What is hammer toe?
Also known as hammer digit, crooked toe, bent toe, buckled toe. Crooked, bent or buckled toes that cause joints to protrude. Corns develop at the joint protrusions if repetitive shoe pressure is applied. Some toes are rigid and some are flexible. Toes that are flexible are referred to reducible. The cause is an imbalance of the muscle and tendon structures to the toes. A hammer toe is a toe deformity characterized by a flexion deformity at the proximal interphalangeal joint with an extension deformity at the associated metatarsal phalangeal joint and as the distal interphalangeal joint.
What is claw toes?
Similar causative biomechanics to hammer toes as described above and often affects all five toes. A corn may be present at the tip of the toe as well as at the dorsal bony prominences. Often associated with cavus foot types where there is a high arch foot.
What is mallet toes?
A toe deformity caused by a flexion deformity at the distal interphalangeal joint. A corn may be present at the tip of the toe as well as at the bony prominence created by flexion of the distal interphalangeal joint.
What is overlapping toes?
A toe deformity characterized by a primarily transverse plane deformity and the positioning of one toe over another.
What is varus rotated toe?
Where one toe positions underneath another, most common in 4th and 5th toes characterized by a frontal plane deformity combined with a traverse plane deformity.
What is hallux hammer toe?
This is where the hallux or big toe is a hammer toe. It is common for a corn to be present on the distal tip of the hallux.
What is floating toe?
Floating toe is a deformity characterized by the sagittal plane elevation of the affected toe in relation to the other adjacent toes. When standing the toe does not touch the floor. Commonly caused by surgery or injury to the affected toe or a shortened metatarsal bone.
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